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Pollution analysis in the port area of the city of Livorno using unconventional high-time resolution instrumentation


  • Chiara Collaveri Centro Regionale Tutela della Qualità dell'Aria- ARPAT. Livorno
  • Bianca Patrizia Andreini Centro Regionale Tutela della Qualità dell'Aria- ARPAT. Livorno
  • Elisa Bini Centro Regionale Tutela della Qualità dell'Aria- ARPAT. Livorno
  • Luca Borin Università degli studi di Pisa, Dipartimento Scienze della Terra, Pisa
  • Fiammetta Dini Centro Regionale Tutela della Qualità dell'Aria- ARPAT. Livorno
  • Stefano Fortunato Centro Regionale Tutela della Qualità dell'Aria- ARPAT. Livorno
  • Gaetano Licitra ARPAT -Dipartimento di Pisa. Pisa
  • Marina Rosato Centro Regionale Tutela della Qualità dell'Aria- ARPAT. Livorno
  • Bianca Sivieri Centro Regionale Tutela della Qualità dell'Aria- ARPAT. Livorno



Keywords: nanoparticles, microparticles, ports pollution, PM, Aer Nostrum


The AER NOSTRUM project (”Aria bene comune”) aims to preserve and improve air quality in port
areas. As part of the AER NOSTRUM project ARPAT has created a monitoring and analysis
network in the period 2021-2022 in the ports of Livorno and Portoferraio. In particular, ARPAT used
unconventional instruments such as an optical microparticle counter and a nanoparticle counter, in
two port sites in the city of Livorno. For the first time in the port, nanoparticle monitoring was
carried out for extended periods in the four seasons of the year. In the monitoring campaigns
carried out with these instruments, the number of micro- and nanoparticles was measured, a
parameter which was combined with the measurement of the concentration of gases and data on
naval traffic in the port area, in order to have indications both on the impact of port activities and
on the correct functioning of these tools, which do not refer to official monitoring methods. Through
the analysis of a few days taken as examples, it was verified that very often the transit or stop of
ships, when it produces a direct effect on the monitoring data, is recognizable through data
acquired as minute averages by non-conventional instruments.
It can also be stated that the instrumentation used proved to agree in the data per minute even
with the instrumentation that applies the standard method for measuring the concentration per
minute of gases, verifying the measurement quality of these instruments


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