The actions to contrast climate change as opportunity for a technological and employment development


The focus of this work is to outline the actions that in the next years, at international and national level, will be implemented as a tool to contrast climate change and reduce the contribution of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. These actions go through an important transformation of the energy sector, with the progressive decrease in the use of fossil fuels for the energy production, starting with coal which is the most polluting. This conversion process can represent a possibility of a technological renewal of the current plants operating in Italy and an opportunity for an employment growth with reference to the construction of the new plants and to the decommissioning of the existing plants which will close in the future.


Cafaro C., Mazziotti C., 2017. Centrali a carbone in Italia tra passato e futuro. Ingegneria dell’Ambiente, 4 (4), 303-312.
Commissione Europea, 2017. Decisione di esecuzione (UE) 2017/1442 della Commissione del 31 luglio 2017 che stabilisce le conclusioni sulle migliori tecniche disponibili (BAT), a norma della direttiva 2010/75/UE del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio, per i grandi impianti di combustione.
ENERGIA, 2018. Quanto inquinano internet e i big data? -
European Commission, 2020. Energy Council discussion confirms key position for energy sector in economic recovery -
IEA, “Electricity generation by fuel and scenario, 2018-2040”, IEA, Paris
IPCC - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change, Chapter 7 - Energy Systems.
Markandya A., Arto I., González-Eguino M., Román M.V., 2016. Towards a green energy economy? Tracking the employment effects of low-carbon technologies in the European Union. Applied Energy, 179, 1342-1350.
MATTM - Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare. Portale VAS-VIA-AIA.
Piano Nazionale Integrato per l’Energia e il Clima, 2020. Ministero dello sviluppo economico
Ram M., Aghahosseini A., Breyer C., 2020. Job creation during the global energy transition towards 100% renewable power system by 2050. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 151.
Strategia Energetica Nazionale, 2017. Ministero dello sviluppo economico