From case-law’s to the codification of art. 272 bis of Legislative Decree 152/2006. A new reference for the judge.

  • Claudia Camilleri CNR – Istituto sull’Inquinamento Atmosferico -Roma
  • Nicoletta Valeria Trotta ISPRA- Roma
  • Marinella Vicaretti ENEA – Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Roma
  • Loretta De Giorgi CNR - Istituto sull’Inquinamento Atmosferico- Roma
  • Antonio Fardelli CNR – Istituto sull’Inquinamento Atmosferico -Roma
  • Elena Floridi Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare- Roma
Keywords: odorous emissions, assessment criteria, subjective perception, Emission Limit Value (ELVs), burdens for operators

Abstract

The absence of dedicated dispositions on ‘odorous emissions’ of industrial origin within the Italian environmental legislation led the judges to refer to article 844 of the Italian Civil Code as well as article 674 of the Italian Penal Code in case of disputes concerning odorous releases. Those provisions assume the "exceeding of the tolerable threshold" as an evaluation criterion to establish the lawfulness of an odorous emission, regardless of the prescriptive conditions that might be set in the environmental permits granted to operate plants.

The recent introduction of a specific article in the Italian Legislative Decree n. 152/2006, i.e. art. 272 bis, in Title I of Part V, regulating the prevention and minimization of ‘odorous emissions’ that may be offensive and detectable beyond the boundaries of industrial sites, emphasizes the role and importance of the environmental permits, outlining in particular the criteria for assessing the issue, no more based on a ‘subjective perception’, but rather on objective measures (e.g. emission limits values expressed in concentration, action and management plans aimed at reducing the number of possible odorous emission sources, more stringent monitoring requirements, …) to be explicitly set out in the environmental permits concerned.

References

• Direttiva (UE) 2015/2193 del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio del 25 novembre 2015, relativa alla limitazione delle emissioni nell'atmosfera di taluni inquinanti originati da impianti di combustione medi (Gazzetta Ufficiale dell’Unione Europea n. L313/1 del 28/11/2015)
• Decreto legislativo 3 aprile 2006, n. 152 s.m.i. - Norme in materia ambientale (GU n.88 del 14-4-2006 - Suppl. Ordinario n. 96 del 152/06)
• Codice civile; SPECIFICARE
• Codice penale. SPECIFICARE
• Corte Costituzionale del 16 Luglio 2019, n. 178.
• Cass. Civ. sentenza del 18 gennaio 2017, n. 2240.
• Cass. Civ., Sez. II, sentenza del 11/05/2016, n. 964;
• Cass. Pen, Sez.III., sentenza n. 36905 del 14 settembre 2015;
• Cass. Pen., sentenza n. 2240 del 18 gennaio 2017;
• Cass., Sez, III, sent. 771 del 24/01/95;
• Cass. Pen. 16670/2012,
• Cass. Pen. 37037/2012;
• Cass., sez. un. civili, 15 ottobre 1998, n. 10186
• T.A.R. Veneto, Sez. III, 5 maggio 2014, n. 573
• T.A.R. Catanzaro, (Calabria) sez. I, 21/03/2018, n.682
• T.A.R. Trieste, (Friuli-Venezia Giulia) sez. I, 02/01/2013, n. 2
• Legge della Regione Puglia 16 luglio 2018, n. 32.
Published
2019-12-23