Quality of life at work and outside work of disabled workers

  • Ziadi Boukerma Service de médecine du travail. Université Farhat Abbas Sétif 1. Algerie http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1151-6312
  • Ahmed Lakhdar Behlouli Service de médecine du travail. Université Farhat Abbas Sétif 1. Algeria
Keywords: Quality of life, quality of life at work, quality of life outside work, professional activity, disability, disabled, Duke Health Profile, Algeria.

Abstract

In Algeria, disabled workers, although protected by regulations, have so far never been the subject of studies more particularly with regard to the quality of life at work (QLW) as well as the quality of life out of work (QLOW). This study aims to assess the level of quality of life at work and outside work of people with disabilities. It also aims to identify the most important factors that directly affect theses quality of life. Material and method: this is a cross-sectional study which interests people with disabilities without prejudging the nature or severity of their disability. This study concerns 130 people, 76.92% of whom are men, working at the level of 25 companies. All 130 disabled people were examined during the annual occupational health visit. During this medical visit, Duke's health profile was administered to them by the doctor responsible for examining the disabled. Results: The results show that these disabled people aged between 23 and 62, with a length of work between 1 year and 38 years have a fairly good social and family acceptance, as evidenced by the high marriage rate and the low rate of divorce. In addition, the quality of life at work and outside work is significantly higher among married people, although the scores for these two parameters tend to decrease steadily with age. The linear regression, also shows that motivation, general health, age, anxiety, and pain have a significant effect on the quality of life at work. On the other hand, only motivation and general health have a significant effect on the quality outside work. Conclusion: although work is an important factor in social integration, the quality of life at work and outside work tends to decrease with age. However, this decrease is counterbalanced by social acceptance and the family unit which would probably play the role of a listening cell.

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Published
2020-10-01