Cutaneous exposure to pesticides during the sale of cut flowers and ornamental plants

  • Edoardo Lembo Tecnico della Prevenzione nell’Ambiente e nei Luoghi di Lavoro
  • Andrea Bonacci U.O.C. Professioni Sanitarie della Prevenzione, Azienda USL Toscana Sud Est, Regione Toscana
  • Liana Lunghini Laboratorio di Sanità Pubblica Area Vasta Sud Est, Azienda USL Toscana Sud Est, Regione Toscana
  • Maria Cristina Aprea Laboratorio di Sanità Pubblica Area Vasta Sud Est, Azienda USL Toscana Sud Est, Regione Toscana
Keywords: flowers supply chain, surface contamination, herbicides, fungicides, insecticides

Abstract

The exchange of flowers and ornamental plants among all the countries of the world gives rise to the need to evaluate the presence of pesticides in the work environment of florists and the exposure of sales staff. This survey was carried out selecting 11 shops on the territory of the province of Siena (Tuscany, Italy). Wipe test on sales surfaces (23 samples), and hands washing of the sales staff (23 samples ) was carried out. Of the 108 determined active substances, including insecticides, fungicides and herbicides of different chemical classes, 39 have been quantified: in hand washing, the highest levels were found for two insecticides, metidathion (92.4 μg) and tetradifon (67,9 μg); for the wipe tests, the maximum levels were found for three insecticides, tetramethrin (7.52 μg/cm2), permethrin (6.68 μg/cm2) and metidathion (4.74 μg/cm2). This survey allows laying the foundations for further studies to be performed on a larger series. The surfaces of points of sale can be a source of exposure, so it is recommended that daily cleaning operations are performed with the aim of reducing the accumulation of pesticides.

References

Aprea, C., Strambi M., Novelli, M.T., Lunghini, L., Bozzi, N., 2000. Biological monitoring of exposure to organophosphorus pesticides in 195 italian children. Environ. Health Perspect., 108(6), 521-525.

Bouvier, G., Blanchard, O., Momas, I., Seta, N., 2006. Pesticide exposure of non-occupationally exposed subjects compared to some occupational exposure: a France pilot study. Sci. Total Environ. 366(1), 74-91.

Kielhorn, J., Melching-Kollmub, S., Mangelsdorf, I., 2006. Environmental Health Criteria 235. Dermal Absorption. 2006. http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/ehc/ehc235.pdf. Ultimo accesso 3 Maggio 2016.

McCluskey, J., Bourgeois, M., Harbison, R., 2014. Tulipalin A induced phytotoxicity. Int. J. Crit. Illn. Inj. Sci. 4(2), 181-183.

Thiboutot, D.M., Hamory, B.H., Marks, J.G. Jr., 1990. Dermatoses among floral shop workes. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 22(1), 54-58.

Uter, W., Nöhle, M., Randerath, B., Schwanitz, H.J., 2001. Occupational contact urticaria and late-phase bronchial asthma caused by composite pollen in a florest. Am. J. Contact. Dermat. 12(3), 182-184.

Published
2018-06-05
Section
Papers