Low back pain among Algerian Health services workers

Ziadi Boukerma, Meriem Reggad

Abstract


Objectives: Identifying risk factors and quantification of the prevalence of low back pain among nurses and service
agents working at the hospital in Sétif (Algeria). Methods: A questionnaire containing 45 items was submitted by a physician
to 450 people, of which only 300 people have agreed to meet. Responses have been verified by cross-checking
with the information contained in the medical records of the occupational medicine service. Controlled data have been
analyzed by the chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression techniques using the IBM SPPS 20 software. Results:
The prevalence of low back pain (LBP) is 66.67%, it is significantly higher between 30 and 49 years of age and between
2 and 5 years of seniority at the hospital. These low back pains have a gradual onset in 52% and radiates along the
sciatic nerve in 62%. The logistic regression analysis revealed the following associations: low back pain predicted by
psychosocial factors (stress, sleep disturbance and fatigue later in the day), the usual working posture and frequent positioning
of patients in bed.Conclusion: among all significantly factors associated with low back pain, stress, repositioning
patients in bed and work standing for long periods seems to be the main risk factors.


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