The new WHO and NIOSH guidelines for the production and handling of engineered nanomaterials

Gianandrea Gino

Abstract


The new WHO and NIOSH guidelines for the production and handling of engineered nanomaterials.

In the last year significant up to date papers have been published for the assessment and prevention of health impacts of engineered nanomaterials, ENMs.
The increased production of various types of ENMs (materials that have at least one dimension that is smaller than 100 nanometers) nowadays includes a wide range of sectors, from aerospace to cosmetics, foods, electronics, construction and medicine, among many others.
With a worldwide commitment the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed guidelines on protecting workers from the potential risks of ENMs in the workplace including recommendations and best practices.
Since only a few types of ENMs have undergone extensive toxicological evaluation and the toxicity of many nanomaterials is presently unknown, a precautionary approach is one of the main principles to be adopted.
In 2018 NIOSH, following the Prevention by design policy, has published three papers for an appropriate nanomaterials production and use.
To reduce the risks associated with worker exposure to ENMs and byproducts, are described control technologies and suitable equipment, tools and work organization.
All the documents are a useful tool to support workers and employers, but also the regulatory authorities, to improve occupational hygiene standards.


Keywords


EMT, nanotechnology, prevention

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References


Inail ex-Ispesl [2011]. Libro Bianco: Esposizione a nanomateriali ingegnerizzati ed effetti sulla salute e sicurezza nei luoghi di lavoro. A cura del Network Nazionale per l’individuazione di misure di prevenzione e protezione connesse con l’esposizione a nanomateriali in ambito lavorativo (NanOSH Italia)

World Health Organization [2017]. WHO guidelines on protecting workers from potential risks of manufactured nanomaterials. Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health. Cluster of Climate and Other Determinants of Health. Avenue Appia 20 – CH-1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland [ISBN 978-92-4-155004-8]

NIOSH [2018]. Protecting workers during nanomaterial reactor operations. By Dunn KH, Topmiller JL, McCleery T, Whalen J. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication N°2018-120. DOI https://doi. org/10.26616/NIOSHPUB2018120.

NIOSH [2018]. Protecting workers during the handling of nanomaterials. By Dunn KH, Topmiller JL, McCleery T, Whalen J. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2018-121. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26616/ NIOSHPUB2018121

NIOSH [2018]. Protecting workers during Intermediate and downstream processing of nanomaterials. By Dunn KH, Topmiller JL, McCleery T, Whalen J. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication N° 2018-122. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26616/NIOSHPUB2018122

NIOSH NTCR [February 2018], Nanomaterials poster. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health DHHS (NIOSH) Publication N° 2018-103 – DOI: https://doi.org/10.26616/NIOSHPUB2018103


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