Experimental protocol for the assessment of work-related stress

Andrea Spinazzè, Luca Del Buono, Francesca Borghi, Maria Cristina Aprea, Giovanni Battista Bartolucci, Mariella Carrieri, Elena Grignani, Sergio Luzzi, Andrea Magrini, Lucilla Livigni, Maurizia Moscatelli, Andrea Cattaneo, Domenico Maria Cavallo, Giuseppe Nano

Abstract


The study investigated the possible relationship between work-related stress, individual susceptibility and psycho-neuro-endocrine-immune (PNEI) indicators among 92 enrolled employees of a Public Office. After a first evaluation performed by means of standardized validated questionnaires, the current study performed an in-depth investigation by means of quantitative methods including: (i) the determination of mineral elements contents in subjects’ hair sample; (ii) blood sampling for analysis of principal biological indicators; (iii) anamnestic interview and (iv) environmental monitoring of the workplace for the assessment of the exposure to physical, biological, and chemical risk factors. The anamnestic analysis outlined slight differences between workers which resulted under “moderate stress” (MS) or not subjected to stress (NSS). In particular, MS workers resulted in a higher number of smokers and of subject affected to chronic disorders. Further, statistical analysis demonstrated the existence of significant relationships between PNEI and environmental indicators and work-related stress in the study population. These parameters belonged different areas, such as: (i) subjective factors (smoking habits), (ii) health outcomes emerged in the previous 6 months (sleep and attention seeking disorders) or in the previous year (osteo-articular disorders), (iii) biological exposure indicators (hair mineral elements contents) and (iv) exposure to chemicals (aldehydes and volatile organic compounds) at the workplace. In the light of the obtained results, it seems wise to consider the possibility of associating an individual in-depth evaluation step to the usual work-related stress assessment procedure.


Keywords


psychoneuroendocrinoimmunology, work-related stress, risk assessment, risk management

Full Text:

PDF (Italiano)

References


Accordo Interconfederale per il recepimento dell’Accordo Quadro Europeo sullo stress lavoro correlato concluso l’8 ottobre 2004 tra UNICE/UAPME, CEEP e CES, 2008, Confindustria, Confapi, Confartigianato, Casartigiani, CLAAI, CNA, Confesercenti, Confcooperative, Legacooperative, AGCI, Confservizi, Confagricoltura, Coldiretti, CGIL, CISL, UIL.

Bartzis, J., Wolkoff, P., Stranger, M., Efthimiou, G., Tolis, E. I., Maes, F., Nørgaard, A. W., Ventura, G., Kalimeri, K.K., Goelen, E., de Oliveira Fernandes, E., 2015. On organic emissions testing from indoor consumer products’ use. J. Hazard. Mater. 285, 37-45.

Castaldi, T., Deitinger, P., Iavicoli, S., Mirabile, M., Natali, E., Persechino, B., Rondinone, B.M., Ballottin, A., D’Orsi, F., Perbellini, L. Valutazione e gestione del rischio da stress lavoro-correlato, Manuale ad uso delle aziende in attuazione del D. Lgs 81/2008 e s.m.i., ed. INAIL, Roma, 2011.

Cooper C.L., Cartwright S., 1997. An intervention strategy for workplace stress. J. Psychosom. Res., 43, 7-16

D.Lgs. 81/2008 Attuazione dell'articolo 1 della legge 3 agosto 2007, n. 123, in materia di tutela della salute e della sicurezza nei luoghi di lavoro. GU n.101 del 30-4-2008. Suppl. Ordinario n. 108

Elovainio M., Kivimäki M., Vahtera J. 2002. Organizational Justice: evidence of a new psychosocial predictor of health. Am. J. Public Health, 92, 105-108

European Commission Employment and Social Affairs, Guidance on work-related stress spice of life or kiss of death? Health & Safety at Work. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2000.

Eurofound and EU-OSHA: Psychosocial risks in Europe: Prevalence and strategies for prevention, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2014 (disponibile online: https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/psychosocial-risks-eu-prevalence-strategies-prevention)

Falco, A., Girardi, D., Sarto, F., Marcuzzo, G., Vianello, L., Magosso, D., Dal Corso, L., Bartolucci, G.B., De Carlo, N.A., 2012. Una nuova scala di misura degli effetti psico-fisici dello stress lavoro-correlato. Med Lav, 103, 288-308

Falco, A., Girardi, D., Parmiani, G., Bortolato, S., Piccirelli, A., Bartolucci, G.B., De Carlo, N.A., 2013a. Presenteismo e salute dei lavoratori: effetti di mediazione sullo strain psico-fisico in un’indagine longitudinale. G Ital Med Lav Erg, 35, 138-150

Falco, A., Girardi, D., Kravina, L., Trifiletti, E., Bartolucci, G.B., Capozza, D., De Carlo, N.A., 2013b. The mediating role of psycho-physic strain in the relationship between workaholism, job performance, and sickness absence: a longitudinal study. J Occup Environ Med, 55, 1255-1261

Falco, A., Girardi, D., Marcuzzo, G., De Carlo, N.A., Bartolucci, G.B., 2013c. Work stress and negative affectivity: a multi-method study. Occup Med, 63, 341-347

Girardi, D., Falco, A., De Carlo, A., Benevene, P., Comar, M., Tongiorgi, E., Bartolucci, G.B., 2015. The mediating role of interpersonal conflict at work in the relationship between negative affectivity and biomarkers of stress. J Behavior Med, 38, 922-931

Goldberg, D., Williams, P., 1988. A User’s Guide to the General Health Questionnaire. Ed. NFER-Nelson, Windsor, UK.

Health & Safety Executive, 2007. Managing the Causes of Work related Stress: A Step-by-step Approach Using the Management Standards. London: TSO

Health & Safety Executive. Self-reported Work-related Illness and Workplace Injuries in 2008/09: Results from the Labour Force Survey. London: National Statistics, 2010

Karasek R.A., Theorell T. Healthy work: Stress, productivity, and the reconstruction of working life. New York, NY: Basic Books Inc, 1990

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Stress at work. NIOSH Publication No. 99-101. Cincinnati, OH: Department of Health and Human Services. 1999.

Magnavita, N.,2009. Strain, disturbi d’ansia, depressione e disturbi muscoloscheletrici nelle attività di assistenza sociale. Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia, Volume XXXI n° 1/suppl. A Psicologia, gennaio-marzo, 2009

Magrini, A., Livigni, L., Pietroiusti, A., Moscatelli, M., Aprea, C., et al., 2016. Evaluation of work-related stress in office workers of a public institution. Italian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 7(1), 15-21.

Magrini A., Pelagalli F., Pietroiusti A., Livigni L, Guidi S., Moscatelli M., Mascioli M., D’Orsi F., Zolla A., Bagnara S., 2015. La valutazione approfondita dello stress lavoro correlato in una grande azienda in cambiamento. Med. Lav., 106 (4), 250-260.

Ministero del lavoro e delle politiche sociali. Direzione Generale della Tutela delle Condizioni di Lavoro. Indicazioni della Commissione Consultiva per la valutazione dello stress lavoro correlato (articoli 6, comma 8, lettera m-quater, e 28, comma 1 bis, d.lgs. n. 81/2008 e successive modificazioni e integrazioni). 17 novembre 2010.

Wołowiec, P., Michalak, I., Chojnacka, K., & Mikulewicz, M., 2013. Hair analysis in health assessment. Clinica Chimica Acta, 419, 139-171.

World Health Organization (2010) WHO guidelines for indoor air quality: selected pollutants. WHO Press, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Denmark.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Italian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene

© 2015 IJOEHY eISSN: 2464-8817 Associazione Italiana degli Igienisti Industriali |