Chemical risk assessment for workers involved in remediation activities in the industrial area of Venice

Teresio Marchì, Maria Gregio, Laura Visentin

Abstract


The aim of this article is to study the exposure to hazardous chemicals during the remediation activities in the industrial area of Venice.

The activities relate to two main typologies: decommissioning of plants and remediation with scotics or excavation of polluted soils.

With regard to the first pattern, the experience focuses on the decommissioning of 4 chemical and metallurgical plants occurring since 2010.

Regarding the remediation of soils, the experience of 49 sites is reported, where 114 workers were employed, working 58.044 hours, and where 166.848 tons of waste were produced.

This article describes in detail the data collected in regards to personal exposure to chemicals. The concentration in air of such toxic and carcinogenic chemicals during these operations were occasionally high, sometimes even dangerously exceeding the recommended limits.

This experience demonstrates the potential hazard of these activities. For this reason a special effort in terms of health and safety implementation is necessary for both the industrial site operations and the Pubblic Health and Safety Authority.


Keywords


chemicals, plants decommissioning, soil remediation, polluted industrial sites, occupational exposure

Full Text:

PDF (Italiano)

References


Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for mercury (Hg), U.S. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, 1997.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Chloroform, U.S. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, 1997.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Sulfuric Acid, U.S. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, 1998.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for 1,2 Dichloroethane, U.S. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, 2001.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Benzene, U.S. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, 2007.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Addendum to the Toxicological Profile for 1,1,2 Trichloroethane, U.S. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, 2010.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Draft Toxicological Profile for Tetrachloroethylene, U.S. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, 2014.

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists TLVs and BEIs. Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices, Cincinnati, 2011.

Bamett M.O., Owens J.G., Lindberg S.E. and Turner R.R. (1997) ‘Mercury Concentrations in Air during the Phase I Remediation of the Lower East Fork Poplar Creek Floodplain at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee’, Energy Systems Environmental Restoration Program

Barra M.I., De Grandis D., D’Orsi F., Novembre G., Pietrantonio E., Pignani M., Ricciardi P., Scarlini F. and Soldati P.S. (2006) ‘Analisi dei rischi e delle misure di prevenzione e protezione attuate durante la rimozione di catrami. Identificazione, misurazione, valutazione, prevenzione e protezione, sorveglianza sanitaria, esperienze e approfondimenti’ Convegno Risk 2006, 12-13 ottobre 2006 Modena, Italia

Berardi S, Bemporad E, Cortis L, Ledda A, Barra I, Guercio A, Incocciati E, Gherardi M, Alessi M, La Sala L, Govoni C, Gregio M, Marchì T, Mariotti C, Milieni A, Piegari G, Pietrantonio E, Settimo G, Teggi S, Verginelli I. Il rischio chimico per i lavoratori nei siti contaminati. Manuale operativo, INAIL Ricerca 2014.

Buchner W., Schliebs R., Winter G., Buchner K.H. Industrial Inorganic Chemistry, ed. VCH, 1989.

Crepet M. in Igiene e sicurezza negli ambienti di lavoro, vol.1, ed. M. Ragno editore, 1984.

Deliberazione numero 3139/2010. Giunta Regionale Veneto, B.U.R. n. 3 del 11-1-2011.

Euro Chlor, 2012. The mercury cell process. http://www.eurochlor.org.

Nucaro E. and Schifano L. (2004) ‘Esposizione a mercurio: “semplice” inquinamento ambientale o anche rischio occupazionale?’ 3° Seminario di aggiornamento professionisti CONTARP-INAIL 2004 Milano, Italia

Panta P., Allena M. and Tansel B. (2011) ‘Mercury contamination in the riparian zones along the East Fork Poplar Creek at Oak Ridge’, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 74/3, 467-472

Scientific committee on occupational exposures limit (SCOEL). Recommendation from the Scientific Committee on Occupational Exposure Limits for Nitrogen Dioxide, 2014.

Substance Evaluation report-Beryllium. Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Dortmund, Germany, 2014.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Italian journal of occupational and environmental hygiene

© 2015 IJOEHY eISSN: 2464-8817 Associazione Italiana degli Igienisti Industriali |